Deism

the view that there is one or more gods or goddesses.[13] More specifically, it may also mean the belief in God, a god, or gods, who is/are actively involved in maintaining the Universe. A theist can also take the position that he does not have sufficient evidence to "know" whether God or gods exist, although he believes it through faith.
• Monotheism - the belief in a single, universal, all-encompassing deity. Zoroastrianism and the Abrahamic religions are considered Monotheist.
• Classical theism - refers to traditional ideas of the monotheistic religions such as Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Classical theism holds that God is an absolute, eternal, all-knowing (omniscient), all-powerful (omnipotent), and perfect being. God is related to the world as its cause, but is unaffected by the world (immutable) . He is transcendent over the world which exists relative to him as a temporal effect.
• Deism - a form of monotheism in which it is believed that one god exists. However, a deist rejects the idea that this god intervenes in the world. Hence any notion of special revelation is impossible, and the nature of god can only be known through reason and observation from nature. A deist thus rejects the miraculous, and the claim to knowledge made for religious groups and texts.
• Cosmotheism - synonym for pantheism (see below).
• Monistic theism - the type of monotheism found in Hinduism. This type of theism is different from the Semitic religions as it encompasses panentheism, monism, and at the same time includes the concept of a personal God as a universal, omnipotent supreme being. The other types of monotheism are qualified monism, the school of Ramanuja or Vishishtadvaita, which admits that the universe is part of God, or Narayana, a type of panentheism, but there is a plurality of souls within this supreme Being and Dvaita, which differs in that it is dualistic, as God is separate and not panentheistic.
• Pantheism - the view that everything is of an all-encompassing immanent God; or that the universe, or nature, and God are equivalent. More detailed definitions tend to emphasize the idea that natural law, existence and/or the universe (the sum total of all that is was and shall be) is represented or personified in the theological principle of 'God'. The existence of a transcendent supreme extraneous to nature is denied. Depending on how this is understood, such a view may be presented as tantamount to atheism, deism or theism.
• Pandeism - a type of pantheism that combines the pantheistic belief of God being identical to the Universe with the idea from deism (above) that God is revealed by rational examination and does not intervene in the Universe.
• Panentheism - the theological position that God is immanent within the Universe, but also transcends it. It is distinguished from pantheism, which holds that God is synonymous with the material universe. In panentheism, God is viewed as creator and/or animating force behind the universe, and the source of universal morality. The term is closely associated with the Logos of Greek philosophy in the works of Herakleitos, which pervades the cosmos and whereby all things were made.
• Substance monotheism - found e.g. in some indigenous African religions, holds that the many gods are different forms of a single underlying substance, and that this underlying substance is God. This view has some similarities to the Christian trinitarian view of three persons sharing one nature.
• Transtheism - assumes the existence of God as an absent deity and the ultimate concept of God’s existence is transcendent and external to all other forms of existence, which implies an impersonal, non-anthropomorphic, non-universemorphic or even non-cosmosmorphic being and view of God. In transtheism, God has one primary attribute, transcendence.
• Nontheism - the absence of belief in both the existence and non-existence of a deity (or deities, or other numinous phenomena). The word is often employed as a blanket term for all belief systems that are not theistic, including atheism (both strong and weak) and agnosticism, as well as certain Eastern religions like Confucianism, Taoism, and Zen Buddhism.
• Polytheism - belief in, or worship of, multiple gods or divinities. Most ancient religions were polytheistic, holding to pantheons of traditional deities, often accumulated over centuries of cultural interchange and experience. The belief in many gods does not contradict or preclude also believing in an all-powerful all-knowing supreme being.
• Henotheism - devotion to a single god while accepting the existence of other gods. Coined by Max Müller, according to whom it is "monotheism in principle and a polytheism in fact". Variations on the term have been inclusive monotheism and monarchial polytheism, designed to differentiate differing forms of the phenomenon.
• Open theism - A religious approach combining Classical Theism as well as Ancient Greek beliefs that question the ideas of free will and the timeless nature of God.
• Philosophical theism - the belief that God exists (or must exist), independent of the teaching or revelation of any particular religion. Some philosophical theists are persuaded of God's existence by philosophical arguments, while others consider themselves to have a religious faith that need not be, or could not be, supported by rational argument.

Mini philosophy glossary . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Deism — • Historical survey and critique Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Deism     Deism     † Cath …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • deism — DEÍSM s.n. Credinţă în existenţa lui Dumnezeu (fără recunoaşterea revelaţiilor). – Din fr. déisme. Trimis de laurap, 20.04.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  Deism ≠ ateism Trimis de siveco, 03.08.2004. Sursa: Antonime  deísm s. n. Trimis de siveco,… …   Dicționar Român

  • deism —    Deism is the doctrine that, while a divine being exists, it is neither personal nor interested in the world it has created. Deism thus involves the denial of revelation, providence, miracles and (frequently) divine conservation. It arose in… …   Christian Philosophy

  • Deism — De ism (d[=e] [i^]z m), n. [L. deus god: cf. F. d[ e]isme. See {Deity}.] The doctrine or creed of a deist; the belief or system of those who acknowledge the existence of one God, but deny revelation. [1913 Webster] Note: Deism is the belief in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • deism — 1680s (deist is from 1620s), from Fr. déisme, from L. deus god (see ZEUS (Cf. Zeus)). Until c.1700, opposed to ATHEISM (Cf. atheism), in a sense where we now would use theism (see THEIST (Cf. theist)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • deism — ► NOUN ▪ belief in the existence of a supreme being, specifically of a creator who does not intervene in the universe. Compare with THEISM(Cf. ↑theistic). DERIVATIVES deist noun deistic adjective …   English terms dictionary

  • deism — [dē′iz΄əm] n. [Fr déisme < L deus, god] belief in the existence of a God on purely rational grounds without reliance on revelation or authority; esp., the 17th and 18th cent. doctrine that God created the world and its natural laws, but takes… …   English World dictionary

  • Deism — For other uses, see Deism (disambiguation). Part of a series on God General c …   Wikipedia

  • deism — /dee iz euhm/, n. 1. belief in the existence of a God on the evidence of reason and nature only, with rejection of supernatural revelation (distinguished from theism). 2. belief in a God who created the world but has since remained indifferent to …   Universalium

  • Deism — the view that reason, rather than revelation or tradition, should be the basis of belief in God. Deists reject both organized and revealed religion and maintain that reason is the essential element in all knowledge. For a rational basis for… …   Mini philosophy glossary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.